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Oana–Raluca Glavan, Lucia Andrievschi-Bartkiene

Mikolas Romeris University of Vilnius, E-mail:

Romanian Cultural Association“Dacia”, E-mail:



This paper has been presented at the Third International Conference on Nordic and Baltic Studies in Romania: European Networks: the Balkans, Scandinavia and the Baltic World in a Time of Crisis hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies and Valahia University of Târgoviste, and sponsored by the Romanian National Research Council, May 25-27, 2012.



Lithuania became a European Union member in 2004 and it is intensively preparing nowadays to take over the EU’s presidency in the second half of 2013. As today EU’s agenda is oriented with priority to tackle the economic crisis, the survival of EURO zone and euro-scepticism, Lithuania’s foreign policy is focused, among others, on further development of the area of freedom and security, promoting further enlargement and development of relations with Eastern countries. In this respect, Lithuania is keen to share its integration experience with candidate and potentially candidate countries and to make the further enlargement of the E. U. in the Western Balkans countries a successful story similar to the 2004 enlargement campaign, with Croatia joining the EU on 1st of July 2013 during Lithuanian presidency and planning to have an impact on


the finalization of negotiations with other candidate countries. Since joining the EU,


Lithuania has experienced difficulties arising from its role as a destination, source and transit country for legal and irregular international migration. As Lithuania is one of the Member States that have external borders with non-candidate countries (Byelorussia and Russia – Kaliningrad oblast), it is as well concerned about security issues, migration and integration of minorities in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy. Minorities account for 16% of the population of Lithuania, out of which Poles-6.1 %, Russians and Byelorussians-6% and Ukrainians-0.6 %. Other minorities such as Jews, Germans, Tartars, Latvians, Roma, Armenians etc. account together for 0.7 % of the total population. Lithuanians generally have a positive relationship with their national minorities and the integration of former may be regarded as somewhat advanced, but discrimination cannot be excluded, especially on the labour market. The juridical situation of these minorities and the issues concerning them is the focus of this article.



Lituania a devenit membra a Uniunii Europene în 2004 ?i se pregate?te intens sa preia pre?edin?ia acesteia în a doua jumatate a anului 2013. Cum agenda U.E. este orientata actualmente cu prioritate catre depa?irea crizei economice, supravie?uirea Euro ?i euro-scepticism, politica Lituaniei se concentreaza, între altele, asupra dezvoltarii ariei liberta?ii ?i securita?ii, promovând continuarea largirii U.E. ?i dezvoltarea rela?iilor cu ?arile estice. Din acest punct de vedere, Lituania este dornica sa împarta?easca experien?a integrarii sale cu ?ari candidate ?i poten?ial candidate ?i sa faca dintr-o noua largire a U.E. în Balcanii de Vest prin aderarea Croa?iei la U.E. la 1 iulie 2013 o poveste de succes similara celei a extinderii din 2004. Totodata, aceasta planuie?te sa aiba un impact pozitiv asupra negocierilor cu alte state candidate. De la aderarea sa la U.E. Lituania a întâmpinat dificulta?i generate de rolul sau de ?ara de destina?ie, sursa?i tranzit a migra?iei interna?ionale legale ?i ilegale.  Fiind una dintre ?arile membre care au frontiere exterioare cu state care nu sunt candidate (Belarus, Rusia – oblastul Kaliningrad), aceasta trateaza cu aten?ie problemele de securitate, migra?ie ?i integrarea minorita?ilor în cadrul Politicii de Vecinatate Europene. Minorita?ile constituie un procent de 16% din popula?ia Lituaniei, din care polonezi – 6,1%, ru?i ?i belaru?i – 6%, ucraineni – 0,6%. Alte minorita?i precum evreii, germanii, tatarii, letonii, roma, armenii etc. constituie 0,7% din numarul total al popula?iei. Lituanienii au în general o rela?ie pozitiva fa?a de minorita?ile lor na?ionale ?i integrarea acestora poate fi privita drept relativ avansata, dar discriminarea nu este exclusa, în special pe pia?a muncii. Situa?ia juridica ?i problemele cu care se confrunta aceste minorita?i din Lituania în prezent constituie tema acestui articol.


Keywords: Lithuania, minorities, citizenship, education, nationalism, multiculturalism

08. Glavan Bartkiene.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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