THE COMMON DENOMINATOR. ROMANIA AND THE NORDIC COUNTRIES, 1966-1969
Valahia University of Târgovi?te, „Grigore Gafencu” Center for the History of International Relations and Cultural Studies, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The article is based on a paper presented at the Second International Conference of the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies: Black Sea and Baltic Sea Regions: Confluences, influences and crosscurrents in the modern and contemporary ages, at Târgoviote, May 20-22, 2011.
One of Nicolae Ceauoescu’s beliefs was that international security and cooperation could not rely on Cold War bipolarity, but on active involvement from every state in promoting its interests and points of view. In defending such policies, Romania sought not only to affirm its sovereignty in front of Moscow, but also to build bridges towards other countries sharing similar ideas. Starting from the early 1960s, Romania developed a coherent policy towards Nordic Europe, consisting in both economic and political cooperation. The neutrality of countries such as Sweden or Finland was regarded in Bucharest as directed against superpowers bipolarity which served as a common denominator. This paper deals with Romania’s relations in Nordic Europe during the 1960s, investigating the rationalities and factors which contributed to the emergence of constructive cooperation among countries with such different backgrounds.
Una dintre convingerile lui Nicolae Ceauoescu era ca securitatea oi cooperarea interna?ionala nu se puteau baza pe bipolaritatea razboiului rece ci pe implicarea activa a tuturor statelor în promovarea propriilor interese oi puncte de vedere. România cauta în acest fel sa-oi afirme independen?a fa?a de Moscova oi sa construiasca pun?i catre alte state care îi împartaoeau viziunea. Începând cu anii 1960, România a dezvoltat o politica tot mai coerenta fa?a de Europa Nordica, bazata pe cooperare politica oi economica. Neutralitatea unor ?ari ca Suedia sau Finlanda era vazuta la Bucureoti ca fiind îndreptata împotriva bipolarita?ii oi aceasta a servit ca numitor comun. Aceasta lucrare trateaza rela?iile României în Europa Nordica în anii 1960, investigând ra?iunile oi factorii care au contribuit la dezvoltarea unor rela?ii constructive între ?ari care aveau atât de pu?ine în comun.
Keywords: Romania, Nordic Europe, Cold War, economic cooperation, neutrality, small states, state visits
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