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Volume 1, Issue 1 (2009)
Volume 2, Issue 1 (2010)
Volume 2, Issue 2 (2010)
Volume 3, Issue 1 (2011)
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2011)
Volume 4, Issue 1 (2012)
Volume 4, Issue 2 (2012)
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2013)
Volume 5, Issue 2 (2013)
Volume 6, Issue 1 (2014)
Volume 6, Issue 2 (2014)
Volume 7, Issue 1 (2015)
Volume 7, Issue 2 (2015)
Table of contents
The Varangian guard and its contribution to the manifestation of the imperial power in Byzantium
Instances of kingship in Sverris saga
The entry of the boyars
Approaching the past: a tangled interplay of memory, political choices and historical science
My file
Between truth and memory images in Lithuanian historical documentaries in post-communist transformation period
Questions of transnational cinema: the Baltic case from culture to branding
World War II in Baltic and Nordic social media
Reading the facades. Architexture of Kaliningrad city
The Baltic Sea and the Black Sea: security challenges and vulnerabilities after the Cold War
Representations of suppressed indigenous cultural memories
Women in the Latvian War of Independence 1918 - 1920








Inna Gile

Institute of Latvian History at the University of Latvia,




This paper was presented at the Sixth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania Historical memory, the politics of memory and cultural identity: Romania, Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea Region in comparison, hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Faculty of History and Political Sciences of Ovidius University of Constan?a and International Summer School of The University of Oslo, Norway, May 22-23, 2015. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, The EEA Fund for Bilateral Relations, contract no. 910/20.03.2015.




The research deals with a subject that has not been investigated previously, but is a significant topic in the historical memory of Latvian culture – participation and importance of nurses in the War of Independence of Latvia. Many nurses worked in the military units and war medicine institutions of the Latvian Army. They fulfilled their professional responsibilities with selflessness and often died in the line of duty. Unfortunately nurses’ role in this military conflict is not clarified. The objective of this paper is to study the role of nurses during the War of Independence of 1918–1920 and the impact of the activity of nurses related to the military sphere on historical memory. Chronological confines include the period of time from November 18, 1918, when the democratic and independent state of Latvia was established, till August 11, 1920, when the Peace Treaty was signed between Latvia and Soviet Russia. To reach that purpose, we need to look at many aspects – study the change of woman’s role at the beginning of the 20th century, especially under the circumstances of the World War I; consider the significance of the War of Independence in the region and investigate the contribution of nurses in the War of Independence, what professional responsibilities they fulfilled and what were the difficulties they encountered and, finally, how their commitment has been preserved in historical memory.



Această cercetare abordează un subiect care nu a mai fost investigat anterior, dar care este important pentru memoria istorică și culturală a Letoniei – importanța participării surorilor medicale la Războiul de Independență al Letoniei. Numeroase asistente medicale au lucrat în unitățile militare și în instituțiile sanitare militare ale Armatei letone. Acestea și-au dus la îndeplinire responsabilitățile profesionale cu altruism și deseori au murit la datorie. Din păcate, rolul asistentelor medicale în conflictul militar nu este clarificat. Obiectivul acestei lucrări este de a analiza importanța asistentelor medicale în Războiul de Independență din 1918-1920 precum și impactul asupra memoriei istorice creat de activitatea surorilor medicale din domeniul militar. Limitele cronologice sunt marcate de data de 18 noiembrie 1918, când statul democratic și independent Letonia a fost constituit, ?i 11 august 1920, când a fost semnat Tratatul de Pace dintre Letonia și Rusia sovietică. Mai multe aspecte vor fi urmărite pentru atingerea scopurilor propuse – va fi analizat rolul femeii la începutul secolului XX, în special în legătură cu desfășurarea Primului Război Mondial; se va avea în vedere importanța Războiului de Independență în regiune și va fi investigată contribuția asistentelor medicale în Războiul de Independență, care erau responsabilitățile lor profesionale și care au fost dificultățile întâlnite în exercitarea acestora, precum și modul în care ele sunt amintite în memoria istorică.


Keywords: nurses, Latvian Red Cross, Riga Military Hospital, the Latvian War of Independence

15. Gile.pdf

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Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

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