The Romanian Journal for Baltic and Nordic Studies



site search by freefind advanced

Welcome to the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies

Main Menu

Bun venit la ARSBN!

Volume 1, Issue 1 (2009)
Volume 2, Issue 1 (2010)
Volume 2, Issue 2 (2010)
Volume 3, Issue 1 (2011)
Volume 3, Issue 2 (2011)
Volume 4, Issue 1 (2012)
Volume 4, Issue 2 (2012)
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2013)
Volume 5, Issue 2 (2013)
Volume 6, Issue 1 (2014)
Volume 6, Issue 2 (2014)
Volume 7, Issue 1 (2015)
Volume 7, Issue 2 (2015)
Table of contents
The Varangian guard and its contribution to the manifestation of the imperial power in Byzantium
Instances of kingship in Sverris saga
The entry of the boyars
Approaching the past: a tangled interplay of memory, political choices and historical science
My file
Between truth and memory images in Lithuanian historical documentaries in post-communist transformation period
Questions of transnational cinema: the Baltic case from culture to branding
World War II in Baltic and Nordic social media
Reading the facades. Architexture of Kaliningrad city
The Baltic Sea and the Black Sea: security challenges and vulnerabilities after the Cold War
Representations of suppressed indigenous cultural memories
Women in the Latvian War of Independence 1918 - 1920









Kari Alenius

University of Oulu, E-mail:




This paper was presented at the Sixth international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania, Historical memory, the politics of memory and cultural identity: Romania, Scandinavia and the Baltic Sea Region in comparison, hosted by the Romanian Association for Baltic and Nordic Studies, Faculty of History and Political Sciences of Ovidius University of Constan?a and International Summer School of The University of Oslo, Norway, May 22-23, 2015. Supported by a grant from Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway, The EEA Fund for Bilateral Relations, contract no. 910/20.03.2015.



The paper focuses on the Wikipedia web pages of seven countries: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. The aim is to analyze what kinds of similarities and differences there are in the image of World War II, and why. This qualitative analysis uses key elements of historical source criticism; in addition, comparative method and quantitative analysis are used.

In comparing the Wikipedia web pages of these seven countries, no single narrative of the war can be found. National emphases are clearly apparent and they distinguish all the examined web pages from each other. Through text, images and maps, the webpage of each country highlights aspects related to the situation of the country during the war, emphasizing their importance to the war as a whole. The text of each country also shows an understanding towards the choices made by the country and accordingly, the perspectives of those that were on the other side of the war are ignored. In this sense, these Wikipedia pages could be considered as constructs of a nationalistically tinged identity and positive self-image.

On the other hand, it should be noted that in spite of clear national emphases, these linguistically different web pages also have a lot in common, and there are no extreme national interpretations or sharp judgements that take a strong position on a right-wrong axis.





Această lucrare se concentrează asupra paginilor web Wikipedia din ?apte state: Estonia, Letonia, Lituania, Danemarca, Finlanda, Norvegia ?i Suedia. Scopul său este acela de a analiza ce fel de similitudini ?i diferen?e existăîntre modalită?ile în care este redat cel de-al Doilea Război Mondial ?i care este cauza acestora. Această analiză calitativă folose?te elemente cheie ale criticii surselor istorice; sunt utilizate, în plus, metoda comparativă ?i analiza cantitativă.

Compararea paginilor web Wikipedia din aceste ?apte ?ări nu văde?te o nara?iune comună cu privire la război. Accentele na?ionale sunt foarte evidente ?i disting toate paginile web comparate unele de celelalte. Prin text, imagini ?i hăr?i, paginile web ale fiecăruia dintre aceste state accentuează aspecte referitoare la situa?ia ?ării respective în perioada războiului, subliniind importan?a acesteia în ansamblul războiului. Textul cu privire la fiecare stat arată, de asemenea, o în?elegere cu privire la alegerile făcute de acea ?ară?i, prin urmare, perspectivele celor ce se situau de cealaltă parte a frontului sunt ignorate. În acest sens, aceste pagini Wikipedia pot fi considerate constructe ale unei identită?i cu nuan?e na?ionaliste?i ale unei imagini pozitive de sine.

Pe de altă parte, ar trebui observat că, în ciuda accentelor clar na?ionaliste, aceste pagini diferite lingvistic au ?i foarte multe lucruri în comun ?i că nu con?in interpretări na?ionaliste extreme sau judecă?i categorice care adoptă o pozi?ie puternică într-un binom bine-rău.


Keywords: Social media, Second World War, Nordic countries, Baltic countries

11. Alenius.pdf

News / Actualitati

Call for papers

Seventh annual international conference on Baltic and Nordic Studies in Romania. Good governance in Romania and the Nordic and Baltic countries

Nicolae Iorga Institute of History of the Romanian Academy, Romania
November 24-25, 2016

Read more